eBooks

Peak end Bias

The Influence of the Peak-end Bias on Our Past Experiences

Peak-end Bias

The human brain seems to live its own life. We shouldn’t trust it very much – what we think is true and what really is true may be, and most frequently is, very different.

How exactly do we assess our past experiences?
Is our memory selective and is this why we choose to remember the event not as a whole but just some specific moments of it?

It seems that the answer to these questions most often is yes.… Read more

Illusory Truth Effect

Are We Overly Credulous? No, It’s Just the Illusory Truth Effect

If you want people to believe something repeat it as often as you can and they’ll eventually rise to the bait. This is the core suggestion of a cognitive bias called the truth effect, or the illusory truth effect.

Even at the first thought it seems very naive to suggest this can be true. Yet it is true, moreover it’s confirmed by psychological research.

The repetition is often a key to making people believe what we want them to believe.… Read more

blindspot

The Bias Blind Spot Is Our Excuse for Being Overconfident

The bias blind spot is another cognitive bias which makes people believe in something completely different from reality, as if reality itself is not complicated enough to get through it.

The bias was researched and articulated by Emily Pronin and her colleagues from Princeton University.

What Is the Bias Blind Spot?

At its core it’s a statement that people tend to believe their own judgments are more objective and less susceptible to biases than the judgments of other people.… Read more

anchoringeffect

How a Single Fact May Lead to Wrong Judgement: a Tricky Anchoring Effect

We like thinking we can assess the surrounding world rationally and objectively, making sane judgments whenever we have to. The phenomenon of cognitive biases challenges this belief and proves what we think is true is in fact far from truth.

What is truly surprising about cognitive biases is they are fundamental to the way we think and perceive the world around us, yet for one reason or another they’re always left unnoticed.… Read more

The Golem Effect or How Low Expectations Can Ruin Our Motivation

SFP has two sides. The negative, darker one is called the Golem effect and it’s totally opposite to the Pygmalion effect.

According to the old Jewish legend, Golem (a Hebrew jargon for “dumbbell”) was a creature that had to fight evil. However, it quickly turned into a monster because of a devastating impact of its excess power. The Golem effect is thus meant to describe people who create obstacles from within or who cannot overcome negative outside attitudes towards them.… Read more

High Expectations and Their Impact on People: The Pygmalion Effect

Have you ever noticed that you might act differently depending on what is expected of you? Similarly, how we perceive others can determine how they act. As a matter of fact, it’s the most natural behavior since expectations are a very potent tool in influencing people and stimulating them to perform desired actions.

The way we perceive reality can actually influence and alter it. This is the basic concept of the self-fulfilling prophecy, a psychological phenomenon that explains the impact of expectations on us.… Read more

Research on Productivity and Its Factors in the Hawthorne Experiments

Between 1927 and 1932, Western Electric Company’s Hawthorne Works (Chicago, US) was a place where important research was being conducted. In 1928 in charge of it was Elton Mayo, professor at HBS.

Initially the tests were aimed at studying the impact of light on productivity. Later, Mayo shifted the focus on group behavior and social interactions between workers. These were the first large-scope tests on how different work conditions and socializing affected productivity (later called the Hawthorne experiments).… Read more

F.Taylor’s Experiment with Pig Iron: A Start for Scientific Management

The beginning of the 20th century was a high time for either business owners or managers to start realizing significant research on productivity was very much needed. Since economic and social background was rapidly changing, it was important to understand what could bring more profits already in the short run.

In 1911 The Principles of Scientific Management, a research conducted by Frederick W. Taylor, was published. The book made a profound impact on what is now called management (in fact, it has given it a real, scientific start).… Read more

Productivity experiments

4 Productivity Experiments That Changed Attitude at the Workplace

Since work is among the major means of self-actualization and influences us in literally everything we do, it’d be only natural for us to at least try to dig deeper into the matter.

A purpose of this eBook is to provide you with a better insight into this issue: what you should and shouldn’t do at work and why, as well as what reactions and responses managerial decisions can trigger on the part of staff.… Read more